Sunday, 14 September 2014

Lichens at Wrynose Pass



Here are some lichens I found on rocks at the summit of Wrynose Pass on 5 Sept 2014
N.B. I am only a beginner and am still waiting for some of these lichens to be checked. Comments welcome.
For scale, my finger nail is just over 1cm wide.. c.11mm


Baeomyces rufus - the scale has 1 mm units


Baeomyces rufus -
Porpidia cinereoatra
Porpidia macrocarpa


Porpidai macrocarpa or Toninia????

Porpidia tuberosa

The next one is tiny - 

Pilophorus strumatica - means Carrying a ball or ball bearing.
The black globe-shaped reproductive body is on a tiny stalk

Pilophorus strumatica seen closer

Pilophorus strumatica  You can see how tiny they are, when you comapre the size of the black balls on the stalks (well not yet grown fully into balls)  with the size of the moss.





Lecanora soralifera



On top of this boulder (bird perch position) is this yellow lichen:

Candelariella coralliza
(From Dobson 2005) This is similar to C vitellina but has a thick aereolate thallus with deep cracking and more rounded even-sized and compacted granules.. Habitat: uncommon on acid rocks that form well-lit, often isolated bird perching sites) 

Also on this rock was Parmeilia saxatilis

And Lasallia pustulata - Rock tripe

Lasallia pustulata - Rock tripe


Some of the rock had the filamentous alga Klebsormidium crenulatum

Tremolechia atrata

Tremolechia atrata

Stereocaulon vesuvianum var nodulosum

Pertusaria corallina
Pseudevernia fufuracea
Pseudevernia fufuracea

Tephromela atra




The lichens below still require some thought.

Miriquidica leucophaea

Miriquidica leucophaea







Thanks to members of the British Lichen Society who introduced me to  me many of these species in the south Lake district in the previous few days.

Monday, 28 July 2014

Wildflowers of Settle and Area - Talk by Judith Allinson at Settle - 14 August 7.30pm

Craven Conservation Group

Thur 14 Aug: 7.30pm

St John's Methodist Church Hall, Church Street, Settle, BD24 9JH

Wild Flowers
of Settle & area
Illustrated presentation by Dr Judith Allinson.

Through beautiful slides of flowers that are blooming both now and earlier in the year, be led through special places such as Long Preston Deeps, Cleatop Park Wood and Winskill Stones Reserve - Find out what unusual plants grow in our area. – and the names of some of the common ones we see flowering on our roadsides now.

Adults £5-00, Children £1-00 - 
(fundraising event for Rainforest Fund) 

Thursday, 3 July 2014

Grasses of Le Grand Depart (2) - Yorkshire - Threshfield to Cray




 The Grasses Tour de Yorkshire continues.
with another seven different grasses

(See part 1 - Skipton-Threshfield) 

As I drive northwards, (on 2nd July) throughout the day I am passed in both directions by cyclists or many shapes and sizes..

Three km north of Threshfield Grassington lies Long Ashes. Next to the road is woodland on limestone pavement. 


Hairy Brome

Hairy Brome sheath/stem with hairs 1.5mm to 2mm long






The field beyond Long Ashes overlooks the river Wharfe and on the right, the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust Reserve - Grass Wood.



In the foreground is Sweet Vernal-grass

Here in the same field is Wood False-brome

More Wood False-brome

There is still some Rockrose left - a little dry now.  It is growing with Blue Moor-grass

The ground seems to be made of rounded limestone cobbles. Fluvio-glacial deposits..


A little further on and we are approaching Kilnsey Crag. - Can you see it behind the telegraph pole?




Kilnsey Crag:
a) A bike left by the road as some cyclists have a picnic.
b) Climbers at the foot of the crag survey the overhang above.





at this stage I am going to use (with permission) the view from the top of the crag -
 taken a few days ago by Andy Holden - 


Looking down to Kilnsey Show field from the top of the crag



Back at the foot of the crag I note more mundane things- like the importance of stopping people climbing on walls -


And on the gate nearby some Klebsormidium crenulatum -
a filamentous alga that is spreading throughout Britain
because the air has increasing amounts of active nitrogen compounds.


Here by the roadside is Timothy grass. This is only just coming out into flower.








In the stream below the Crag is  Floating Sweet-grass
Floating Sweet-grass Inflorescence


I carry on past the Arncliffe/Littondale turnoff.

A mile or two before Kettlewell I stop in a passing place. Early flowers have finished but each week still gains a new flower in season. This is one of the few places you can see Bloody Cranesbill on the roadside.




Bloody Cranesbill





On the opposite side of the road is a clump of Meadow Oat-grass
The leaves are stiff and the upper surface whitish.

and the flower head is stiff and almost a spike.

Then there is Yorkshire Fog. - The pinkish grass in the right in the foreground

Hmm, quite a backlog of traffic.


Over the wall, and with the camera on telephoto you can see Scargill House chapel


A little further on we approach Kettlewell.

Almost at Kettlewell. the 3 approaching cyclists (and one behind down the hill)
seem to be carrying at least the kitchen sink in their luggage.







In Kettlewel I find Mr Grassman


I carry on past Buckden

Looking back to Buckden - they are cutting the silage here.

Ah, I see they have filled the holes in in the road.


This Reed Canary-grass is quite photogenic - both uphill and downhill.











 I carry on above Cray. Some of my friends I have been told, will be cycling up here early on Saturday to watch.



They are expecting people to park and camp here.
Still - people will have a good view of the cyclists coming up the hill.
Those two meadows on the left are quite high up.

This cyclist is working hard.


 I drive up past Cray to the summit - well to the flat area between Great Whernside and Buckden Pike.' a flat peaty area of Hare's-tail Cotton-grass.  The sun has gone in and it is quite windy and cold.

As i look towards the Wensleydale Catchment I see:-


Three silage bags looking like cheese. --
Well the grass goes to cows, which go to milk, to cheese.



At this point I carry on a little way then turn round and return home .. Quite a long way. It is (was) 2nd July

I'll put the Buttertubs Grasses up another day

(See part 1 - Skipton-Threshfield)